Hawaii volcano could have explosive eruption

What makes a volcano erupt, how are they formed and what are the different types of volcano?

What makes a volcano erupt, how are they formed and what are the different types of volcano?

USGS scientists in Hawaii have been monitoring the lava lake throughout the eruption and say the level of the lava lake has been dropping over the last several days and continues to drop late on Wednesday. Some residents worry the lava could ignite the flammable gas and cause a major explosion.

Meanwhile, in Leilani Estates, the eruption of lava had largely paused on Wednesday.

CBS affiliate KGMB-TV writes that Lanipuna Gardens is home to about 250 people and, like Leilani Estates, has been under a mandatory evacuation order since Thursday.

The risk of explosions is the latest possibility in a chain of events that began April 30 with the collapse of a lava-filled crater 12 miles east of the summit.

Residents in certain areas have been allowed to go back into their homes to check on their property and collect items during the day, but the agency warned that they must "be prepared to evacuate at a moment's notice".

Some residents have refused to leave because of fears their homes will be looted. Gov. David Ige this afternoon issued an emergency proclamation to address concerns related to the geothermal energy plant, including creating a team to review and assess the existing PGV Emergency Response Plan and "develop a specific mission strategy deemed appropriate to mitigate potential impacts from lava". Magno said the 12,000 gallons would be moved Wednesday to an industrial park at a safe distance from the fissures, and that the county is "planning to remove the rest".

"The East Rift Zone eruption in Leilani Subdivision continues".

Following the eruption of the Kilauea volcano, residents of Hawaii's Big Island will now have to deal with steam-driven explosions, hazardous volcanic smog and acid rain, the US Geological Survey (USGS) has warned.

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"If an explosion happens, there's a risk at all scales", said Donald Swanson, a USGS volcanologist.

Smaller (pebble-size) rocks could be sent several kilometers (miles) from Halemaʻumaʻu, mostly in a downwind direction.

Residents of Lanipuna Gardens in the southeast of Hawaii's Big Island were told to head for the coast as they were in immediate danger from clouds of sulfur dioxide gas and fountains of lava.

Lava seen from a new fissure caused by the Kilauea volcano in Hawaii.

Kilauea, the longest-erupting volcano on the planet, has displaced some 1,700 people and destroyed 36 structures since a shifting flow of underground magma last week burst through the surface in a residential neighborhood about 40 miles from the top of the volcano, unleashing torrents of molten rock and toxic gases. The residents of the Lanipuna Gardens subdivision, which were also evacuated, are prohibited from accessing their homes due to risky volcanic gases.

The vents emerged on Tuesday near the spots where lava has been pouring into streets and backyards for the past week. Police followed up with personal visits.

Those additions mean that a total of 14 vents, also known as fissures, had opened after Thursday's eruption, the agency said.

Thirty six structures have been destroyed and 26 of them have been confirmed as homes.

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